Complete the spoke diagram by describing the key features of the colony. Draw a simple symbol to represent each feature. A sample is shown here.
Complete the spoke diagram by describing the key features of the Massachusetts colony.
In the early 1600s, religion was important in England. The king presided over the Church of England, also called the Anglican Church. However, not everyone agreed with the church's practices.
One group, who would later be called Puritans, wanted to “purify” the Anglican Church by making services simpler and doing away with ranks of authority. A radical faction among Puritans, called Separatists, wanted to be completely separate from the English church and have the ability to form their own congregations. When the king began jailing Separatists for not attending Anglican services, some of them moved to Holland, where they could practice their religion freely.
But Holland wasn't home, and the Separatists wanted their children to grow up in an English culture. In 1620, about 102 Separatists set sail for America aboard the Mayflower. The Separatists, called Pilgrims because they traveled for religious reasons, hoped to build their idea of a perfect society in America.During their voyage, they signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact that described the way they would govern themselves in the Americas.
After a long and grueling journey across the Atlantic, the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth, near Cape Cod. When the Pilgrims landed, they were welcomed by the local American Indian tribe, the Wampanoag (WAWM-pah-NAW-ahg), who taught them how to plant crops, trap animals, and catch fish. Without the help of these American Indians, the Pilgrims might not have survived their first winter. In 1621, the Pilgrims invited the Wampanoag to share their first harvest in a threeday feast of thanksgiving. Today, Americans still celebrate this holiday.
Ten years later, a large group of Puritans decided to follow the Pilgrims to America. The king was relieved to see them go and sent them off with a charter for the colony of Massachusetts Bay. The charter said that the Massachusetts colonists would govern themselves. The Puritans were pleased with the charter because they wanted to build a community governed by the rules of the Bible.They hoped to set an example for the rest of the world. Their governor, John Winthrop, said, “We must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.”